How can I pass selected row to commandLink inside dataTable or ui:repeat?

asked13 years ago
last updated7 years ago
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I'm using Primefaces in a JSF 2 application. I have a <p:dataTable>, and instead of selecting rows, I want the user to be able to directly execute various actions on individual rows. For that, I have several <p:commandLink>s in the last column.

My problem: how can I pass a row ID to the action started by the command link so that I know which row to act on? I tried using an <f:attribute>:

<p:dataTable value="#{bean.items}" var="item">
    ...
    <p:column>
        <p:commandLink actionListener="#{bean.insert}" value="insert">
            <f:attribute name="id" value="#{item.id}" />
        </p:commandLink>
    </p:column>
</p:dataTable>

But it always yields 0 - apparently the row variable f is not available when the attribute is rendered (it works when I use a fixed value).

Anyone has an alternative solution?

12 Answers

Up Vote9Down Vote

As to the cause, the <f:attribute> is specific to the component itself (populated during view build time), not to the iterated row (populated during view render time). There are several ways to achieve the requirement.

  1. If your servletcontainer supports a minimum of Servlet 3.0 / EL 2.2, then just pass it as an argument of action/listener method of UICommand component or AjaxBehavior tag. E.g. <h:commandLink action="#{bean.insert(item.id)}" value="insert" /> In combination with: public void insert(Long id) { // ... } This only requires that the datamodel is preserved for the form submit request. Best is to put the bean in the view scope by @ViewScoped. You can even pass the entire item object: <h:commandLink action="#{bean.insert(item)}" value="insert" /> with: public void insert(Item item) { // ... } On Servlet 2.5 containers, this is also possible if you supply an EL implementation which supports this, like as JBoss EL. For configuration detail, see this answer.
  2. Use <f:param> in UICommand component. It adds a request parameter. <h:commandLink action="#{bean.insert}" value="insert"> <f:param name="id" value="#{item.id}" /> If your bean is request scoped, let JSF set it by @ManagedProperty @ManagedProperty(value="#{param.id}") private Long id; // +setter Or if your bean has a broader scope or if you want more fine grained validation/conversion, use <f:viewParam> on the target view, see also f:viewParam vs @ManagedProperty: <f:viewParam name="id" value="#{bean.id}" required="true" /> Either way, this has the advantage that the datamodel doesn't necessarily need to be preserved for the form submit (for the case that your bean is request scoped).
  3. Use <f:setPropertyActionListener> in UICommand component. The advantage is that this removes the need for accessing the request parameter map when the bean has a broader scope than the request scope. <h:commandLink action="#{bean.insert}" value="insert"> <f:setPropertyActionListener target="#{bean.id}" value="#{item.id}" /> In combination with private Long id; // +setter It'll be just available by property id in action method. This only requires that the datamodel is preserved for the form submit request. Best is to put the bean in the view scope by @ViewScoped.
  4. Bind the datatable value to DataModel instead which in turn wraps the items. <h:dataTable value="#{bean.model}" var="item"> with private transient DataModel model;

public DataModel getModel() { if (model == null) { model = new ListDataModel(items); } return model; } (making it transient and lazily instantiating it in the getter is mandatory when you're using this on a view or session scoped bean since DataModel doesn't implement Serializable) Then you'll be able to access the current row by DataModel#getRowData() without passing anything around (JSF determines the row based on the request parameter name of the clicked command link/button). public void insert() { Item item = model.getRowData(); Long id = item.getId(); // ... } This also requires that the datamodel is preserved for the form submit request. Best is to put the bean in the view scope by @ViewScoped. 5. Use Application#evaluateExpressionGet() to programmatically evaluate the current #{item}. public void insert() { FacesContext context = FacesContext.getCurrentInstance(); Item item = context.getApplication().evaluateExpressionGet(context, "#{item}", Item.class); Long id = item.getId(); // ... }

Which way to choose depends on the functional requirements and whether the one or the other offers more advantages for other purposes. I personally would go ahead with #1 or, when you'd like to support servlet 2.5 containers as well, with #2.

Up Vote9Down Vote
Grade: A

In PrimeFaces, passing row data to a <p:commandLink> inside a <p:dataTable> or <ui:repeat> can be achieved using different techniques. Here are two alternatives to consider:

  1. Use the Selection API: You can leverage the selection API of PrimeFaces to store the selected row's data and pass it to the command link.

First, make sure your dataTable has the selectionMode="single" or any other suitable mode you need (like selectionMode="multiple") and apply the necessary CSS style classes if needed for better visual representation.

Then, add a managed bean property that will hold the selected row:

private MyRow selectedRow; // MyRow is a Java POJO representing your data rows

Next, in the action listener or the method that sets up the selectionMode, assign the selected row to the newly created managed bean property:

public void handleSelection(SelectEvent event) {
    FacesContext context = FacesContext.getCurrentInstance();
    MyRow row = (MyRow) event.getObject();
    this.selectedRow = row;
    // other logic
}

// or
<p:dataTable value="#{bean.items}" selectionMode="single" selection="#{bean.selectedRow}" var="item">

Finally, use the selectedRow managed bean property to access and pass data to your commandLink. Replace your current code with the following:

<p:column>
    <p:commandLink actionListener="#{bean.myAction}" value="insert">
        <f:passParam name="id" value="#{selectedRow.id}" />
    </p:commandLink>
</p:column>

Now the #{selectedRow.id} expression inside <f:passParam> will be available when handling the command link action event.

  1. Use a Custom Column Renderer: You can also create a custom column renderer to store and pass data within the commandLink itself. Here's how:

Create a new Java class called MyCommandColumnRenderer extending the abstract DataTableRenderer:

import org.primefaces.component.datatable.column.*;

public class MyCommandColumnRenderer extends DataTableColumnBase {
    @Override
    public void encodeHead(FacesContext context, UIComponent component) throws IOException {
        super.encodeHead(context, component);

        // Add custom CSS or other necessary things here
    }

    @Override
    public void decodeRow(FacesContext context, DataTable table) throws IOException {
        Object data = table.getRowData();
        if (data instanceof MyRow) {
            MyRow row = (MyRow) data;
            ((UIData)table).setSelection("#{rowIndex}")//Set the row index if needed for your implementation
            RequestContext.getCurrentInstance().addCallbackParam("selectedItem", row);//Or add any custom parameter as needed
        }
    }

    // Override other methods and properties if necessary
}

Replace the dataTable column with the new renderer:

<p:column rendered="#{not empty bean.items}" width="50px" >
    <f:facet name="header">My Command Column</f:facet>
    <p:commandLink id="cmdLink#{rowIndex}" actionListener="#{bean.myAction}">
        <f:passParam name="id" value="#{selectedRow.id}" />
    </p:commandLink>
    <p:columnRenderer componentClass="MyCommandColumnRenderer">
        <f:property name="columnId" value="columnId" /> <!-- Pass your column Id for future reference -->
    </p:columnRenderer>
</p:column>

Now, whenever the command link is clicked, it will automatically pass the selectedRow.id value to the backing bean's action listener method myAction().

Both methods above should work and let you pass the row data to the commandLink for further processing. Choose the one that best fits your use-case.

Up Vote9Down Vote
Grade: A

I see that you're trying to pass the id of the current row as an attribute to the p:commandLink component. However, as you've noticed, the f:attribute tag doesn't seem to have access to the row variable item at the time of rendering.

A possible solution to this problem is to use the selection attribute of the p:dataTable component along with the selectionMode attribute set to "single" or "multiple" depending on your needs. This way, you can easily get the selected rows in your bean and perform actions on them.

Here's an example of how you can modify your code:

  1. Add the selection and selectionMode attributes to your p:dataTable component:
<p:dataTable value="#{bean.items}" var="item" selection="#{bean.selectedItems}" selectionMode="single">
    ...
    <p:column selectionMode="single" style="width:16px" />
    ...
</p:dataTable>

In this example, bean.selectedItems is a property in your bean that will hold the selected items.

  1. Modify the p:commandLink to use the selected items instead of the row variable item:
<p:column>
    <p:commandLink actionListener="#{bean.insert}" value="insert" update=":growl">
        <p:confirm header="Confirmation" message="Are you sure you want to insert this item?" icon="pi pi-exclamation-triangle" />
    </p:commandLink>
</p:column>
  1. In your bean, implement the insert method using the selected items:
@Named
@ViewScoped
public class Bean implements Serializable {

    private List<Item> selectedItems;

    // Getter and Setter for selectedItems

    public void insert(ActionEvent event) {
        if (selectedItems != null && !selectedItems.isEmpty()) {
            Item selectedItem = selectedItems.get(0);
            // Perform your insert operation here
        }
    }
}

In this example, when the user clicks the p:commandLink, the insert method will have access to the selected item(s) through the selectedItems property in the bean. You can then perform the desired action on the selected item(s).

This solution should work for your use case and avoid the issue you encountered with using f:attribute.

Up Vote8Down Vote
Grade: B

Hi User, to pass an ID for a row in a DataTable, you can use the following code:

  1. Add a new JavaScript event listener named onDataChange to your DataTable that triggers on every change made to it. In this listener, add a loop that iterates through all items and checks if they contain any child elements called <p:dataRow>. If so, retrieve the ID from the value of an attribute with the same name as the row ID (e.g. id).

  2. Use the getRowCount() method to get the current number of rows in the DataTable and store it in a variable called row_count.

  3. Add another JavaScript event listener named onSelectItemAction that is triggered when the user clicks on an item in the table. In this listener, check if the clicked row contains any child elements called <p:commandLink> using an indexOf call. If so, get the ID of the row and the selected command link as a JavaScript variable.

  4. Finally, create a function named executeCommand() that takes the ID and the name of the command (e.g. insert) as parameters. Use these values to navigate to the appropriate section of your application and execute the desired action (in this case, passing the data for inserting into a database).

Here's some sample code:

function onDataChange() {
    for (var i = 0; i < dataTable.getRowCount(); i++) {
        if (dataTable.getElementById('row-' + i).containsElements('<p:commandLink>')) {
            fiddleItemID = dataTable.getElementById('row-' + i).value
            selectedCommandName = 'insert'

            // Use the item ID and command name to navigate to the database and insert the row
        } else {
            // Handle other cases, such as updating or deleting rows
        }
    }
}

function onSelectItemAction() {
    var selectedIndex = event.target.indexOf(event)
    if (selectedIndex >= 0 && dataTable.getElementById('row-' + selectedIndex).containsElements('<p:commandLink>')) {
        fiddleItemID = dataTable.getElementById('row-' + selectedIndex).value
        selectedCommandName = 'insert'

    // Use the item ID and command name to navigate to the database and insert the row
    } else {
        alert("This item doesn't contain a command link")
    }
}

function executeCommand() {
    fiddleItemID = event.target['value'] // Use the value of the ID to identify which item is being selected
    selectedCommandName = event.target["eventType"]
    // Navigate to the database and perform the desired action for that command

    document.getElementById('alert').innerHTML = `Selecting ${fiddleItemID} in DataTable`
}

This code uses a nested loop to iterate through all rows, checks if there's any command link present for each row using an if statement, and adds the ID to a JavaScript variable. In the second loop, we use a regular expression to match the selected index within the clicked button click event of the table so that we can identify which row has been selected. Finally, in the executeCommand function, you'll need to add some code that will allow you to navigate to the database and perform the appropriate action. This could involve using JavaScript API calls to access your application's database.

Up Vote7Down Vote
Grade: B
public class Bean {
    private List<Item> items;

    public void insert(ActionEvent event) {
        // Get the row ID from the event's component
        UIComponent component = event.getComponent();
        while (!(component instanceof UIData)) {
            component = component.getParent();
        }
        UIData data = (UIData) component;
        int rowIndex = data.getRowIndex();

        // Access the selected item using the row index
        Item selectedItem = items.get(rowIndex);

        // Perform your insert logic using selectedItem
        // ...
    }
}
Up Vote5Down Vote
Grade: C

In order to pass the selected row's ID to an action method triggered by a commandLink, you can use the <p:ajax> component in combination with a PostConstruct method that retrieves the currently selected item from your bean and sets it on the current instance of your class. The commandLink would then reference this value directly from its action attribute as follows:

<h:form id="form" prependId="false">
    <p:dataTable value="#{bean.items}" var="item">
        <!-- ... -->
        <p:column>
            <p:commandLink actionListener="#{bean.insert(currentItem)}" 
                           value="Insert">
                <f:setPropertyActionListener value="#{item}" target="#{bean.currentItem}"/>
            </p:commandLink>
        </p:column>
    </p:dataTable>
</h:form>

And in your backing bean:

private YourClass currentItem; // this holds the currently selected item.
    
public void insert(YourClass item) {  // this method is invoked by the command link and passes the parameter 'item'
    System.out.println("Inserting Item ID:" + item.getId());
}
      
@PostConstruct  
public void init() {  
    currentItem = new YourClass();  
}

Please note: You may need to replace YourClass with the class type you're using in your items list and it needs a method named 'getId()'. Be sure that this method returns a non-null value for every item of your list. This way, the PostConstruct is used to instantiate currentItem before the view is loaded, preventing NullPointerExceptions when an action tries to execute with a null instance. This solution enables you to directly pass the selected row data to the command link without needing to use additional attributes or listeners. Just be sure that your YourClass implements the Serializable interface to keep it alive in view scope across multiple postbacks, as is required by JSF for stateful views like these.

Up Vote4Down Vote
Grade: C

Alternative Solution:

  1. Use the rowEditItem event of the p:dataTable. This event is triggered whenever a row is edited or selected. In the event handler, retrieve the row's ID using event.getRow().getId().

  2. Pass the row ID as a parameter in the command link's action attribute. For example:

<p:commandLink actionListener="#{bean.insert}" value="insert" action="#{item.id}">
  1. In the action listener, extract the row ID from the request parameter.

Code Example:

@Component
public class MyController {

    @Autowired
    private BeanBean bean;

    @FXML
    private void handleRowEdit(RowEditEvent event) {
        String rowId = event.getRow().getId();
        // Pass rowId to command link
        event.getCommand().setParameter("rowId", rowId);
    }

    @FXML
    private void handleCommandLinkAction() {
        String rowId = (String) request.getParameter("rowId");
        // Process row ID and perform action
        // e.g., save changes
    }
}

Usage:

In the p:dataTable definition, use an id attribute to specify the attribute containing the row ID:

<p:dataTable id="rowId">
    ...
    <p:column>
        <p:commandLink actionListener="#{bean.insert}" value="insert" action="#{item.id}">

Note:

  • The id attribute should be a unique identifier for each row.
  • The actionListener and action attributes are optional. If you don't need to pass other parameters, you can use the value attribute instead.
Up Vote3Down Vote
Grade: C

One approach you can try is using f.rowIndex instead of directly using f. This will give you an idea about which row you are referring to.

Another approach you can consider is using the rowData property instead of directly using f. The rowData property returns a Map with key "id" and value the object's id attribute. You can use this information in your command link action listener method.

In summary, you can use either the f.rowIndex or rowData property to obtain more meaningful information about which row is being referred to in your command link action listener method.

Up Vote2Down Vote
Grade: D

Sure, here's how to pass a selected row to a commandLink inside a dataTable or ui:repeat in Primefaces:

<p:dataTable value="#{bean.items}" var="item">
    ...
    <p:column>
        <p:commandLink actionListener="#{bean.insert}" value="insert">
            <p:ajax listener="#{bean.getRowId}" update=":form:insertDialog" />
        </p:commandLink>
    </p:column>
</p:dataTable>

Explanation:

  1. getRowId method:
    • In your bean, add a method called getRowId that takes an item as input and returns the unique ID of the row.
public String getRowId(Item item) {
    return item.getId();
}
  1. ajax listener:
    • Add an ajax listener to the commandLink that will call the getRowId method when the commandLink is clicked.
    • The listener method should pass the item as a parameter to the getRowId method.
public void getRowId(Item item) {
    // Get the ID of the row and store it in a variable
    rowId = item.getId();
}
  1. update panel:
    • After getting the ID of the row, update a panel or dialog that contains the insert form. This will cause the insert form to be displayed when the commandLink is clicked.
public void insert() {
    // Use the stored row ID to get the item and insert it
    Item insertedItem = itemService.insert(getRowId());
    // Display a confirmation message
    FacesContext.getCurrentInstance().addMessage("Item inserted successfully: " + insertedItem.getName());
}

Note:

  • Make sure that the id attribute of the p:commandLink is not defined, as Primefaces will automatically assign an ID to the command link.
  • The update attribute of the p:ajax listener specifies the client side element that should be updated when the listener method is executed. In this case, it's the insertDialog panel.
  • You may need to adjust the code based on your specific implementation and bean properties.
Up Vote1Down Vote
Grade: F

You can use the rowIndex attribute of the <p:dataTable> to pass the index of the selected row to the command link.

<p:dataTable value="#{bean.items}" var="item" rowIndexVar="rowIndex">
    ...
    <p:column>
        <p:commandLink actionListener="#{bean.insert}" value="insert">
            <f:attribute name="id" value="#{bean.items[rowIndex].id}" />
        </p:commandLink>
    </p:column>
</p:dataTable>

This will pass the ID of the selected row to the insert action method, which you can then use to perform the desired action on the selected row.

Up Vote0Down Vote
Grade: F

There are several ways to pass the row ID to the action listener. Here are some possible solutions:

  1. Use a request parameter:
<p:commandLink actionListener="#{bean.insert}" value="insert">
    <f:param name="id" value="#{item.id}"/>
</p:commandLink>

In the insert method of your backing bean, you can access the ID as follows:

String id = FacesContext.getCurrentInstance().getExternalContext().getRequestParameterMap().get("id");
  1. Use a flash scope variable:
<p:commandLink actionListener="#{bean.insert}" value="insert">
    <f:setPropertyActionListener target="#{bean.selectedItem}" value="#{item}"/>
</p:commandLink>

In the insert method of your backing bean, you can access the selected item as follows:

MyItem selectedItem = (MyItem)FacesContext.getCurrentInstance().getExternalContext().getFlashScope().get("selectedItem");

Note that the flash scope is only available during the current request and will be cleared after the request is processed. 3. Use a hidden input field:

<p:commandLink actionListener="#{bean.insert}" value="insert">
    <f:setPropertyActionListener target="#{bean.selectedItemId}" value="#{item.id}"/>
</p:commandLink>
<h:inputHidden id="selectedItemId" value="#{bean.selectedItemId}"/>

In the insert method of your backing bean, you can access the selected item ID as follows:

String selectedItemId = (String)FacesContext.getCurrentInstance().getExternalContext().getRequestParameterMap().get("selectedItemId");
MyItem selectedItem = getItemById(selectedItemId);

Note that in this approach, you need to define a method getItemById in your backing bean to retrieve the item with the given ID.

Up Vote0Down Vote
Grade: F

As to the cause, the <f:attribute> is specific to the component itself (populated during view build time), not to the iterated row (populated during view render time). There are several ways to achieve the requirement.

  1. If your servletcontainer supports a minimum of Servlet 3.0 / EL 2.2, then just pass it as an argument of action/listener method of UICommand component or AjaxBehavior tag. E.g. <h:commandLink action="#{bean.insert(item.id)}" value="insert" /> In combination with: public void insert(Long id) { // ... } This only requires that the datamodel is preserved for the form submit request. Best is to put the bean in the view scope by @ViewScoped. You can even pass the entire item object: <h:commandLink action="#{bean.insert(item)}" value="insert" /> with: public void insert(Item item) { // ... } On Servlet 2.5 containers, this is also possible if you supply an EL implementation which supports this, like as JBoss EL. For configuration detail, see this answer.
  2. Use <f:param> in UICommand component. It adds a request parameter. <h:commandLink action="#{bean.insert}" value="insert"> <f:param name="id" value="#{item.id}" /> If your bean is request scoped, let JSF set it by @ManagedProperty @ManagedProperty(value="#{param.id}") private Long id; // +setter Or if your bean has a broader scope or if you want more fine grained validation/conversion, use <f:viewParam> on the target view, see also f:viewParam vs @ManagedProperty: <f:viewParam name="id" value="#{bean.id}" required="true" /> Either way, this has the advantage that the datamodel doesn't necessarily need to be preserved for the form submit (for the case that your bean is request scoped).
  3. Use <f:setPropertyActionListener> in UICommand component. The advantage is that this removes the need for accessing the request parameter map when the bean has a broader scope than the request scope. <h:commandLink action="#{bean.insert}" value="insert"> <f:setPropertyActionListener target="#{bean.id}" value="#{item.id}" /> In combination with private Long id; // +setter It'll be just available by property id in action method. This only requires that the datamodel is preserved for the form submit request. Best is to put the bean in the view scope by @ViewScoped.
  4. Bind the datatable value to DataModel instead which in turn wraps the items. <h:dataTable value="#{bean.model}" var="item"> with private transient DataModel model;

public DataModel getModel() { if (model == null) { model = new ListDataModel(items); } return model; } (making it transient and lazily instantiating it in the getter is mandatory when you're using this on a view or session scoped bean since DataModel doesn't implement Serializable) Then you'll be able to access the current row by DataModel#getRowData() without passing anything around (JSF determines the row based on the request parameter name of the clicked command link/button). public void insert() { Item item = model.getRowData(); Long id = item.getId(); // ... } This also requires that the datamodel is preserved for the form submit request. Best is to put the bean in the view scope by @ViewScoped. 5. Use Application#evaluateExpressionGet() to programmatically evaluate the current #{item}. public void insert() { FacesContext context = FacesContext.getCurrentInstance(); Item item = context.getApplication().evaluateExpressionGet(context, "#{item}", Item.class); Long id = item.getId(); // ... }

Which way to choose depends on the functional requirements and whether the one or the other offers more advantages for other purposes. I personally would go ahead with #1 or, when you'd like to support servlet 2.5 containers as well, with #2.